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Reflecting growing diversity

Categories: Cultural Diversity

SREMSKI FRONT MEMORIAL

SREMSKI FRONT MEMORIAL

Sava Šumanović Gallery

This magic gallery is the home to one of the most important 20th century painting heritage in Serbia: the pioneer of modern trends, Sava Šumanović, spent his youth, but also his last days of his life in this charming town in Vojvodina. In the immediate vicinity of the Gallery, in the street that bears his name today, is the Memorial House of Sava Shumanović. The family house, which is under the protection of the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments, was bought by the municipality from the heirs and has been open to visitors since 1982. The painter spent his childhood and the last years of his life in this house. It preserves family furniture and a studio in which he created masterpieces. He was taken from this house on August 28, 1942.

Today's gallery - the house and the complete repertoire - are a gift from the painter's mother. It is one of the most renowned galleries of post cubism and late constructivism in today's Serbia. It was founded in 1952 and contains not only 417 works by this extremely talented artist, but also a lot of his painting material, as well as unfinished works. Some of the most famous are the pinnacle of modern art in Serbia: "Breakfast on Grass", "Bathers" and "Drunken Boat".

According to the reports, 28 August 1942 Sava Šumanović was arrested and taken to Sremska Mitrovica along with 120 locals where they were executed by pro-fascist collaborators. That was how the life of one of the greatest Serbian painters of all time tragically ended.

Museum of Naive Art ILIJANUM

Another small hidden museum and art gallery named after the local painter of naive art, Ilija Bašičević - Bosilj (1895–1972). This painter spent almost his entire life in Šid, engaged in agriculture and livestock. During the Second World War, he lived in Vienna with his two sons, where he got infected with tuberculosis. After the war, the family was left without land. The loss of land, as well as impaired health, lead to the creation of his first painting - House saints Cosmas and Damian.

The painter’s unique opus surpassing the artistic concept of “naïve painting” can be divided into several larger thematic units: the most numerous are paintings with motifs from the Bible (especially the Old Testament and the Revelation of John), followed by a cycle inspired by Serbian folk epic songs, myths and legends. The cycle of the Iliad, named after the artist, and not after Homer's epic, is the artist's confrontation with human stupidity and hypocrisy. Ilija Basicevic was fascinated by characters from the animal world in which the most numerous are birds, especially peacocks, but also unreal beings with human bodies and animal heads and vice versa. In his late years of life he was obsessed with flying and astrological beings.

At the Third Trienniale of Naive Art in Bratislava in 1972, Ilija was posthumously awarded the recognition of the international jury for his achievements in the field of naive art.

We also found that the Raw vision magazine, otherwise the winner of the UNESCO award for the world's best magazine dedicated to art, included Ilija Bašičević Bosilj in the 50 leading artists of the so-called OUTSIDER ART.

Monastery Privina Glava at Fruska Gora National park

This unique and tamed mountain of Vojvodina region literally rises from the plain. Mild slopes, forests, famous vineyards and orchards are just some of its natural treasures. This is the place where the largest linden forest in Europe grows, and the park contains rare mushrooms, orchids, birds and game. The slopes of Fruška gora have been planted with vines since Roman times. This tradition has been preserved, so that local wines are today a respected national brand. Spacious orchards under peaches, apricots and apples are another part of the landscape of Fruška gora slopes.

We could spot from the distance and here it is: one of the seventeen monasteries on the Fruska gora, certainly one of the oldest and the biggest ones – Privina glava. Legends say that its name has to do with the beaten heads of the builders who wanted run away from the site, but another source comes from a 12th century documents about despot Jovan Brankovic who built this pray site to keep the so called Munich psalter.  The buildings and the brick walls encircling the main church and the huge bell look impressive in the sunset. Tranquility of the religious place and a cultural heritage from the medieval times were the reason for all of us to stop and reflect.

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